Cukrownia Żnin
rust accent

The Żnin sugar factory prospered from 1894 until 2004.For years,the Żnin sugar Factory was the largest employer in the region,initally producing only raw sugar.Today.the facility is a conference and leisure centre and a source of great pride for the inhabitants of Żnin.

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Beginnings

The rich history of the Żnin Sugar Factory begins with the decision made by Żnin landowners tp build a sugar factory in 1893.As early as a year later-on 15 October 1894-the first sugar campaign was launched.Zuckerfabrik Żnin was the inital name of the Żnin factory,and was managed by the company's supervisory board and managment board,and among these officials,the majority were Germans.It is assumed that the sugar factory was located on 50 hectares of land,and this area was incorporated into municipal land in January 1894.

The inter-war period

The end of the First World War and the Greater Poland  Uprising  in 1919 resulted in the sugar factory becoming the property of 

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AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR

During the war,the Żnin Sugar Factory was once again owned by the Germans,but this did not last long,as immediately after the liberation of Żnin,the plant was returned to the Poles. On 12 February 1945, Zygmunt Kittel also returned to the post of director after being appointed by the plenipotentiary of the  Ministry of Indstry.The Żnin Sugar Factory became state property on 27 October 1950.In the 1970s,the most important goal was to shorten the sugar campaing,which was achieved by modernising and replacing equipment.In addition,many stages of work were mechanised,which contributed to improved working conditions, and increased production and processing capacity.

21st Century

In2004,production at the Cukrownia Żnin was shut down,which was met with numerous social protests.One form of protest was a hunger strike by men, followed by hunger strikes by women and children.Nevertheless,the following were still stored in the Cukrownia's warehouses: sugar from Kruszewo and molasses for Kruszwica.In 2015,the Arche S.A. group purchased the Cukrownia and,in2017,began transforming the factory into conference,leisure and catering facility.In the same year,on 11 August,the symbol of Cukrownia Żnin-a 72-metre chimney-was destroyed by a storm.It is now 35 metres high.

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FACTORY RAILWAY

Despite the railway connection between Żnin and Inowrocław and Damasławek,the authorities of Cukrownia resolved to build their own railway,which carrird beet to the factory as early as 1894.The 600 mm gauge track network was about 46 km long.The factory railway had 1 diesel locomotive and 8 steam locomotives,one of which can be seen today in the Narrow Gauge  Railway Museum in Wenecja.In addition,50 3-ton wagons,50 6-ton wagons and 12 7-ton wagons continued to be available for use by the railway.After the Second World War,70 more wagons were imported from the Gdańsk Sugar Factory.There were 3 delivery and collection points on the sugar factory premises.However,in the years 1971-1972,the decision was taken to liquidate the Żnin factory railway for economic reasons.

KALENDARIUM

  • 15 July 1893  the adoption of a resolution to build sugar factory as a limited liability company,

  • 28 August 1893 – the adoption of a resolution to build the factory's own railway towards Królikowo,

  • 18 January 1894  incorporation of the sugar factory site into municipal land,

  • 15 October 1894  first sugar campaign,

  • 1922 – establishment of a Polish company called  „Cukrownia „Żnin” – spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością”,

  • 1930 – the company's memorandm of association was amended,its articles of association were adopted,and the share capital was increased,

  • 1938 – release of the second issue of company shares,

Timeline

  • 12 February 1945 – the return of Zygmunt Kittel  to the post  of director after liberating Żnin from the occupants,
  • 27 October 1950 – Żnin sugar factory becomes owned by the state,
  • 1971 – 1972 – closure of the factory railway,
  • 1995 – Cukrownia Żnin was transformed into a sole shareholder company of the State Treasury,
  • 1996 – 51% of shares  were transferred to Poznańsko-Pomorskiej Spółki Cukrowej,
  • 2004 – closure of the sugar factory,
  • 2015 – Grupa Arche S.A. bought Cukrownię Żnin,
  • 2017 – modernisation of the facility began.